Benchmark of the Oil Industry
Petroleum exploration is a very old pursuit. Herodotus, writing in about 450 B.C.,
described oil seeps in Carthage (Tunisia) and the Greek island Zachynthus. He gave details
of oil extraction from wells near Ardericia in modern Iran, although the wells could not
have been very deep, as fluid was extracted in a wine skin on the end of a long pole
mounted on a fulcrum. Oil, salt and bitumen were produced simultaneously from these wells.
Throughout the first millenium A.C. oil and asphalt were gathered from natural seepages in
many parts of the world.The first well specifically sunk to search for oil (as opposed to
water or brine) appears to have been at Pechelbronn, France, in 1745. Outcrops of oil sand
were noted in this region, and Louis XV granted a license to M. de la Sorbonniere, who
sank several borings and buit a refinery in the same year. The birth of the oil shale
industry is credited to James Young, who began retorting oil from the Carboniferous shales
at Torban, Scotland, in 1847. The first well to actually produce oil was drilled at Oil
Creek, Pennsylvania, by Colonel Drake in 1859.
Other Peroleum pages on this site: | Drilling Engineering | Oil mining methods | Well Testing |
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